Muladhara is the name of the first chakra. It is also known as the root chakra and it is located in the perineum between the genitals and the anus.

This energy centre represents a support for the whole body. Its element is the earth and the phase of life associated with it is that of early childhood, because of its strong link to emotions such as safety and joy of living. It is represented as a lotus flower with scarlet petals, so its colour is red.

The main feature of this chakra is its hardness, which is why exercises on muladhara promote the strengthening and stability of the whole organism, both on a physical and emotional level.

When the first chakra is blocked, the consequences are a strong insecurity and apathy, along with a loss of self-esteem that can lead us to a discouraged and perpetually resigned attitude in everyday activities. Even the excessive activity of this chakra, on the other hand, does not bring positive consequences: it can incur mental rigidity, hostility towards change, aggression and an excessive attachment to money.

A person with blocked/ imbalanced root chakra would display one or more of the below symptoms:

  • Insecurity
  • Short tempered, aggressive behavior
  • Poor decision making
  • Anxiety
  • Low self confidence

On the physical level, the blocked root chakra may cause these symptoms:

  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Weight issues

We need to pay special attention to the muladhara chakra when we go through periods of strong change, such as a separation, a move, the start of a new business and in general all the events that involve our sense of security and stability.

Muladhara in summary

PositionIn the perineum between the anus and genitals, at the base of the spine
FunctionStability, security, self-confidence
Crystals and StonesRuby, red coral, garnet, black onyx, obsidian
AnimalOx, bull, elephant (associated with the earth)

Exercises to rebalance Muladhara

Ashwini mudra

This is a very effective exercise to give us consciousness of what is blocking us.
Ashwa means horse and mudra is a gesture. Ashwini mudra consists simply in rhythmically contracting the anal sphincter, which allows directing the prana (apana) flow upward the spine through the main energy channel called sushumna.

Maha mudra

Also referred to as the Great gesture, it is technique to raise the human consciousness to higher levels and for improving health.

How to do it

Start sitting on the floor. One leg is straight and the other leg is bent so that the heel is under the buttock. On the exhale bend forward and grab the fingers of the straight leg with both hands. Raise your head and look up. Stay in this position for a few minutes breathing normally.

Manduki mudra

This exercise protects us against harmful emissions, detoxifies the body and has a grounding influence, as well as improving the sense of smell and concentration.

How to do it

Start in Vajrasana (Thunderbolt pose). Separate the legs until the buttocks can rest on the floor. On the exhale, keeping your back straight, lay your hands on the floor between your knees. The arms can be stretched or bent depending on your comfort. Your fingers point outwards and your gaze is facing the tip of your nose. Stay in this position for a few minutes breathing normally.

Prana mudra

Apana mudra